Encyclopaedia of Educational Psychology Vol. 2 by Brijesh Upadhya and Yogesh Kumar Singh

Product Code: 9788131302521
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ISBN:  9788131302521       Published:  2007

Vol. II. Preface. 1. Educational psychology: meaning, definitions and nature. 2. Methods of educational psychology. 3. Classroom test and evaluation. 4. Psychological evaluation: testing in classroom instructions. 5. Psychological education: as a discipline. 6. Evaluation: reliability and other desired characteristics. 7. Measuring complex achievement (essay test item). 8. Concept of research in educational psychology. 9. Selection of a problem in educational psychology. 10. Research design and sampling in educational psychology. 11. Action research in educational psychology. 12. Philosophical method in educational psychology. 13. Experimental method in educational psychology. 14. Casual comparative research in educational psychology. References and suggested readings.

"The subject, psychology like other natural sciences has two aspects - pure and applied. In this aspect of pure psychology it formulates broad principles, brings out theories and suggests techniques for the study of human behaviour which finds the practical shape in its applied aspect i.e., branches of applied psychology like occupational psychology, clinical psychology, crime psychology, industrial psychology, educational psychology etc.

By taking the meaning of the word psyche as soul, psychology was first defined as the "study of the soul". Actually during these days the subject of philosophy almost dominated and influenced the views of the scholars including psychologists. Consequently, a philosophical meaning and interpretation was given  to the word psyche. However, soon such interpretation faced criticism like what is soul? How can it be studied? etc. The inability to answer such questions led to seek a new meaning for the word 'psyche'.

The evolution of definition of the subject of psychology reflects the advent of the modern era of science and technology. Consequently, in the definition of psychology the word study was replaced by the word science. The first psychologist who used the word science in place of study and replaced consciousness with total behaviour (conscious as well as unconscious) was the famous psychologist William McDougall. In the book physiological psychology published in 1905 he wrote. "Psychology may be best and most comprehensively defined as the positive science of the conduct of living creatures". Later on in 1908, in his book Introduction to social psychology he added the word behaviour to his definition and finally in his book An outline of psychology gave the following meaningful definition.

Therefore, educational psychology is nothing but one of the branches of applied psychology. It is an attempt to apply the knowledge of psychology to the field of education. It consists of the application of the psychological principles and techniques to human behaviour in educational situations. In other words, educational psychology is a study of the experiences and behaviour of the learner in relation to educational environment."

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