ISBN: 9788131303559 Published: 2008
"The subject, psychology like other natural sciences has two aspects - pure and applied. In this aspect of pure psychology it formulates broad principles, brings out theories and suggests techniques for the study of human behaviour which finds the practical shape in its applied aspect i.e., branches of applied psychology like occupational psychology, clinical psychology, crime psychology, industrial psychology, educational psychology etc.
By taking the meaning of the word psyche as soul, psychology was first defined as the "study of the soul". Actually during these days the subject of philosophy almost dominated and influenced the views of the scholars including psychologists. Consequently, a philosophical meaning and interpretation was given to the word psyche. However, soon such interpretation faced criticism like what is soul? How can it be studied? etc. The inability to answer such questions led to seek a new meaning for the word 'psyche'.
The evolution of definition of the subject of psychology reflects the advent of the modern era of science and technology. Consequently, in the definition of psychology the word study was replaced by the word science. The first psychologist who used the word science in place of study and replaced consciousness with total behaviour (conscious as well as unconscious) was the famous psychologist William McDougall. In the book physiological psychology published in 1905 he wrote. "Psychology may be best and most comprehensively defined as the positive science of the conduct of living creatures". Later on in 1908, in his book Introduction to social psychology he added the word behaviour to his definition and finally in his book An outline of psychology gave the following meaningful definition.
Therefore, educational psychology is nothing but one of the branches of applied psychology. It is an attempt to apply the knowledge of psychology to the field of education. It consists of the application of the psychological principles and techniques to human behaviour in educational situations. In other words, educational psychology is a study of the experiences and behaviour of the learner in relation to educational environment."
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